1 edition of How to assess environmental impacts on tropical islands and coastal areas found in the catalog.
How to assess environmental impacts on tropical islands and coastal areas
Includes bibliographical references.
|Statement||edited by Richard A. Carpenter and James E. Maragos ; prepared by Environment and Policy Institute, East-West Center.|
|Contributions||Carpenter, Richard A., Maragos, James E, South Pacific Regional Environment Programme., East-West Environment and Policy Institute.|
|The Physical Object|
The disturbance of fauna and local people for example, by noise. Nutrients Agricultural, forestry, and urban runoff Industrial and boat discharges Sewage treatment and package plants Septic tanks Animal feedlots Enrichment of rivers and sounds eutrophication resulting in algae blooms. How many people, for instance, can a community receive comfortably as visitors, or how would it feel to be outnumbered by the tourists on your own island? Because of the hot climate and the tendency of tourists to consume more water when on holiday than they do at home, the amount used can run up to liters a day.
Table 6. The problem will increase as long as sea level continues to rise - presently from 0. The disturbance of fauna and local people for example, by noise. This is exemplified by the forced closure of a hotel in Costa Rica which was responsible for discharging raw untreated sewage in the nearby Manuel Antonio National Park. An ecosystem is a geographic area including all the living organisms people, plants, animals, and microorganismstheir physical surroundings such as soil, water, and airand the natural cycles that sustain them. Therefore, water levels generated from the past Tohoku event were treated as constant for the different return periods.
Local communities and governments should be involved in the project review process and communicate their objections through established channels to higher authorities at every possible step of the way, as suggested above. In particular, hazard is the probability and magnitude of an event with negative impacts e. Catering for snorklers, divers, underwater photographers, sightseers, and fishermen, reef tourism produces thousands of millions of dollars of foreign exchange earnings annually. Greater extraction and transport of these resources exacerbates the physical impacts associated with their exploitation. In mountain areas, trekking tourists generate a great deal of waste. For instance, noise generated by snowmobiles can cause animals to alter their natural activity patterns.
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By planning sustainable tourism development strategy at an early stage,prevents damages and expensive mistakesthereby avoiding the gradual deterioration of the quality of environmental goods and services significant to tourism.
Kelp is a brown alga that roots on the bottom of the sea and extends, via a long stalk, to the surface where its fronds spread over the surface of the sea. In addition, DENR may require the EIS to include an ERA especially if How to assess environmental impacts on tropical islands and coastal areas book proposal involves hazardous, toxic, flammable, or explosive materials or chemicals, or involves the construction of structures such as dams, bridges, which would endanger life, property, or the environment should they fail.
This is a preview of subscription content, log in to check access. The number of tourists an area can absorb should be decided before tourism development goes to far, because there always will be pressures for bigger and bigger developments.
Air pollution and waste. Other agreements on environmental protection and compensation in case of damages should be reached. The study has also shown the unlikelihood that a temperature cap of 1.
Table 4. Furthermore, sand mining at the beaches leads to coastal erosion. Particularly for many islands in the Caribbean, cruise tourism is an important market segment. The construction of these facilities can have the same kinds of impacts as any other construction projects, such as soil erosion, changes in water runoff, and damage to natural environments.
Tourism thus depends on the quality of the environment for its success, and good tourist development requires the protection and even the improvement of the environment. While not all projects may require a detailed EIA, all proposed development activities should be screened to decide which projects need a detailed evaluation of environmental impacts.
In there were 4. Aside from outright fish kills and other dramatic effects, pollution causes pervasive and continuous degradation, evidenced by the gradual disappearance of fish or shellfish, or a general decline in the natural carrying capacity of the system. Also, terns and other seabirds frequently lay their eggs on the upper beach or in the dunes Clark et al.
What if there is local opposition to development projects? The most important sources of heavy metals in the tropical marine environment have been cited as the result of mining and dredging operations, smelting processes, offshore oil drilling, desalination plant effluents, thermal power plant, effluent and sewage discharge.
Where laws have been passed, enforcement is often lacking. Showing that the area of greatest richness occurs between the ocean and the fresh water source where intermediate salinity is found and where small nursery-stage fish and shellfish find optimum survival conditions richness is measured as gross primary production.
They add to the pollution, waste, and water needs of the local population, putting local infrastructure and habitats under enormous pressure. If developed with care, it can bring many advantages to small island communities with few other resources.
Meeting this goal will require careful examination of conservation needs, natural processes, building practices, and corrective engineering proposals that affect whole beach systems. The following are basic steps in the EIA process for these types of projects.
Job level friction - due to a lack of professional training, many low-paid tourism-jobs go to local people while higher-paying and more prestigious managerial jobs go to foreigners or "urbanized" nationals.
Fresh Water Water running off impervious surfaces Land clearing Draining wetlands Channelization of streams Changes salinity patterns in estuarine habitats, causing slowed growth or death of juvenile organisms, or poor reproduction.
Changes in wave conditions due to future climate change scenarios were derived from Hemer et al.Analysis of Tropical Cyclone and its Impact on Coastal Areas T.
Jaya Prakash Research Scholar Such a combination of high winds and water makes cyclones a serious hazard for coastal areas in tropical and subtropical areas of the world. Favorable environmental conditions in tropical cyclone is shown in: II.
An increase or decrease in the temperature for a long time has negative effects on the coastal areas (Moser, ). Global warming in the biggest environmental issue which posses stress and pressure to the coast leading to floods and erosions (Shaw, ).
Coastal Disasters and Climate Change in Vietnam is the first book to focus specifically on natural hazards and climate change in Vietnam. The book examines threats such as tropical cyclones, sea-level rise, flooding, erosion, and salinity intrusion, and their respective effects on .The impacts of tourism have been sorted into four general categories, with more elaboration on the pdf of ‘3 Ss’ tourism on coastal areas, followed by a few facts about the negative impacts of tourism in different countries; the author presents a general framework for Cited by: 2.Long-Term Impacts of Non-Sustainable Tourism and Urban Development in Small Tropical Islands Coastal Habitats in a Changing Climate: Lessons Learned from Puerto Rico also included the construction of a boardwalk on the water and an underwater steel fence to.the scope of ebook stress arising from global change.
This paper reviews selected tourism-oriented economies, highlights some coastal areas in the Caribbean already experiencing the cumulative effects of environmental degradation, addresses the ramifications of anticipated climate changes on these and other areas in the Caribbean and.